FRC CAN Device Specifications

This document seeks to describe the basic functions of the current FRC® CAN system and the requirements for any new CAN devices seeking to work with the system.

Addressing

FRC CAN nodes assign arbitration IDs based on a pre-defined scheme that breaks the ID into 5 components:

Device Type

This is a 5-bit value describing the type of device being addressed. A table of currently assigned device types can be found below. If you wish to have a new device type assigned from the Reserved pool, please submit a request to FIRST.

Device Types

Broadcast Messages

0

Robot Controller

1

Motor Controller

2

Relay Controller

3

Gyro Sensor

4

Accelerometer

5

Ultrasonic Sensor

6

Gear Tooth Sensor

7

Power Distribution Module

8

Pneumatics Controller

9

Miscellaneous

10

IO Breakout

11

Reserved

12-30

Firmware Update

31

Manufacturer

This is an 8-bit value indicating the manufacturer of the CAN device. Currently assigned values can be found in the table below. If you wish to have a manufacturer ID assigned from the Reservedpool, please submit a request to FIRST.

Manufacturer

Broadcast

0

NI

1

Luminary Micro

2

DEKA

3

CTR Electronics

4

REV Robotics

5

Grapple

6

MindSensors

7

Team Use

8

Kauai Labs

9

Copperforge

10

Playing With Fusion

11

Studica

12

Reserved

13-255

API/Message Identifier

The API or Message Identifier is a 10-bit value that identifies a particular command or message type. These identifiers are unique for each Manufacturer + Device Type combination (so an API identifier that may be a «Voltage Set» for a Luminary Micro Motor Controller may be a «Status Get» for a CTR Electronics Motor Controller or Current Get for a CTR Power Distribution Module).

The Message identifier is further broken down into 2 sub-fields: the 6-bit API Class and the 4-bit API Index.

API Class

The API Class is a 6-bit identifier for an API grouping. Similar messages are grouped into a single API Class. An example of the API Classes for the Jaguar Motor Controller is shown in the table below.

API Class

Voltage Control Mode

0

Speed Control Mode

1

Voltage Compensation Mode

2

Position Control Mode

3

Current Control Mode

4

Status

5

Periodic Status

6

Configuration

7

Ack

8

API Index

The API Index is a 4-bit identifier for a particular message within an API Class. An example of the API Index values for the Jaguar Motor Controller Speed Control API Class is shown in the table below.

API Index

Enable Control

0

Disable Control

1

Set Setpoint

2

P Constant

3

I Constant

4

D Constant

5

Set Reference

6

Trusted Enable

7

Trusted Set No Ack

8

Trusted Set Setpoint No Ack

10

Set Setpoint No Ack

11

Device Number

Device Number is a 6-bit quantity indicating the number of the device of a particular type. Devices should default to device ID 0 to match other components of the FRC Control System. Device 0x3F may be reserved for device specific broadcast messages.

CAN addressing bit mapping.

Protected Frames

FRC CAN Nodes which implement actuator control capability (motor controllers, relays, pneumatics controllers, etc.) must implement a way to verify that the robot is enabled and that commands originate with the main robot controller (i.e. the roboRIO).

Broadcast Messages

Broadcast messages are messages sent to all nodes by setting the device type and manufacturer fields to 0. The API Class for broadcast messages is 0. The currently defined broadcast messages are shown in the table below:

Description

Disable

0

System Halt

1

System Reset

2

Device Assign

3

Device Query

4

Heartbeat

5

Sync

6

Update

7

Firmware Version

8

Enumerate

9

System Resume

10

Devices should disable immediately when receiving the Disable message (arbID 0), implementation of other broadcast messages is optional.

Requirements for FRC CAN Nodes

For CAN Nodes to be accepted for use in the FRC System, they must:

  • Communicate using Arbitration IDs which match the prescribed FRC format:

    • A valid, issued CAN Device Type (per Table 1 - CAN Device Types)

    • A valid, issued Manufacturer ID (per Table 2 - CAN Manufacturer Codes)

    • API Class(es) and Index(s) assigned and documented by the device manufacturer

    • A user selectable device number if multiple units of the device type are intended to co-exist on the same network.

  • Support the minimum Broadcast message requirements as detailed in the Broadcast Messages section.

  • If controlling actuators, utilize a scheme to assure that the robot is issuing commands, is enabled, and is still present

  • Provide software library support for LabVIEW, C++, and Java or arrange with FIRST® or FIRSTs Control System Partners to provide such interfaces.